Second, the existence or absence of this term does not depend entirely on who has the power to negotiate, even if it has a role to play. Instead, the use of such a term seems to reflect practice in some industrial sectors. Ip Draughts therefore sees the term often in software delivery contracts, but very rarely in biotech licensing agreements. To mitigate the effects of double taxation, most countries in the world have bilateral double taxation agreements with most other countries in the world. The terms of these contracts vary, but over time, as they are renewed regularly, many are reformulated according to an OECD model. This gradually removes some of the characteristics of certain treaties. If, for example, many contracts allow a 100% exemption from property tax on the territory of the taker if certain conditions are met, some contracts with the countries of the Far East have historically allowed only a 50% reduction. In the 1990s, IP Draughts participated in the help of a British biotechnology company that was affected by the fact that the contract between the United Kingdom and Japan allowed only a 50% discharge. IP Draughts understands that the recent treaty between Britain and Japan allows for a 100% exemption from the withholding tax. The text above provides that the parties will try to avoid withholding tax, but in the end, if the licensee is required to deduct taxes, he can do so. This is a tax issue for the licensee and, ultimately, the donor bears the risk in the above formulation.

Taxes can be interesting! This golden oldie deals with a recurring issue of purchase and design in licensing agreements – who takes the risk of selling the tax? In the unilateral example cited, it seems to me that the obligation of partisan detention will never be able to meet the obligation. The amount to be paid to the amount of tax withheld is itself certainly subject to withholding tax, which requires a new transfer, etc. ad infinitum. In biotechnographic licensing agreements (to cite one of the examples above), IP Draughts has generally seen formulations like this: When I am faced with a clause like this, I have always taken the position that withholding tax should satisfy the tax debt of the IP seller and if they were dissatisfied, they could take it back to the taxman. This was supported by the fact that most of the agreements I have been involved in come from competitive purchases. An IP provider that insists that the source withholding price be “restocked” effectively changes its offer and risks that its offer will no longer be the best bidder if its offer is delivered and it has just negotiated from a customer.